Therapy may be available for individuals, couples, families and groups, and there are different ways of working with people, usually referred to as ‘approaches’ or ‘techniques’ or ‘modalities’. This just means that therapists have had different training and have different ways of working with clients, for example Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Person-centred therapy, Psychodynamic therapy, Trauma therapy etc.

Although therapists may train specifically in one model of therapy, they may incorporate different techniques from other models if they feel it will be helpful to their client.

In addition some therapists may have specific approaches for working with people with eating disorders, addictions, issues of sexuality etc.